Historia y Personajes

History of Venezuela: Third Part

History


7. Transition to democracy

Eleazar López Contreras
Eleazar López Contreras

Medina Angarita
Medina Angarita

Marcos Pérez Jiménez
Marcos Pérez Jiménez

After the Gomez death, General Eleazar Lopez Contreras, who had been his War and Naval Minister, took over and began the transition towards democracy. Contreras remained in charge until 1941. On April 28th, 1941 the National Congress elected General Isaias Medina Angarita as president for the next period. His government promoted fundamental changes in political, social and economical structure. Being a democrat by nature, he ruled with totally open political criteria. Unfortunately, on October 18th, 1945 this mature, prudent and intelligent transition was to be brusquely interrupted by a coup planned by a newly formed political party and a group of young military.

This coup caused serious disarrangements and stumbles to the raising democracy. It brought back the violence, pugnacity and conspiracy; political imprisonment and exile, which had been abolished during Lopez and Medina governments, were back and the atmosphere of social and political uprightness vanished away. A quick glance at the events that followed can easily show the fragility and instability of the new regimen.

Beginning with Romulo Gallegos who won the 1948 elections summoned by the Governing Council (Junta de Gobierno), a series of overthrows and their typical "juntas" ended in the dictatorship of Marcos Perez Jimenez who ruled the country from 1952 until 1958.

8. Democracy

After the fall of Perez Jimenez, Venezuela resumed its pursuit for Democracy and on December 7th 1958, the Governing Council carried out free elections won by the social democrat Romulo Betancourt whose ruling elapsed amid a tumultuous and violent climate under the ever-present threat of communist guerrillas.

La Junta de Gobierno
La Junta de Gobierno

His fellow party Raul Leoni, winner for the following presidential period, started the pacification of the guerrillas, which was successfully consolidated by next president the Christian democrat Rafael Caldera.

Rómulo Betancourt
Rómulo Betancourt

Raúl Leoni
Raúl Leoni

Rafael Caldera
Rafael Caldera


TO BE CONTINUED...

Carlos Andrés Pérez
Carlos Andrés Pérez

Luis Herrera Campins
Luis Herrera Campins

Jaime Lusinchi
Jaime Lusinchi


El Caracazo


Hugo Chávez en su juramentación como presidente


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Historia y Personajes
José María Zamora
Militar y político, con participación en la Guerra de Independencia y en la Guerra Federal. Tras alistarse en el Ejército patriota, participa en los combates del año 1814 como segundo al mando del escuadrón Rompelíneas, bajo las órdenes del general Pedro
Cocina
Dedos de novia
Dedos de novia, dedos de gacela…deditos a base de una masa dulce con nueces o almendras, cubiertos de azular glas. Este dulce es típico en la cocina árabe, son dulces cilindros, dulcísimos, quizás el postre mas tradicional, queda esplendido presentado en mesas de dulces.
Geografía y Naturaleza
Estado Aragua
El estado Aragua se encuentra situado en la región centro- norte de Venezuela, siendo sus límites el mar Caribe por el norte; el estado Guárico por el sur; los estados Vargas, Miranda y Guárico por el este y Carabobo y Guárico por el oeste. Su nombre, es


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