Historia y Personajes

History of Venezuela: Third Part

History


7. Transition to democracy

Eleazar López Contreras
Eleazar López Contreras

Medina Angarita
Medina Angarita

Marcos Pérez Jiménez
Marcos Pérez Jiménez

After the Gomez death, General Eleazar Lopez Contreras, who had been his War and Naval Minister, took over and began the transition towards democracy. Contreras remained in charge until 1941. On April 28th, 1941 the National Congress elected General Isaias Medina Angarita as president for the next period. His government promoted fundamental changes in political, social and economical structure. Being a democrat by nature, he ruled with totally open political criteria. Unfortunately, on October 18th, 1945 this mature, prudent and intelligent transition was to be brusquely interrupted by a coup planned by a newly formed political party and a group of young military.

This coup caused serious disarrangements and stumbles to the raising democracy. It brought back the violence, pugnacity and conspiracy; political imprisonment and exile, which had been abolished during Lopez and Medina governments, were back and the atmosphere of social and political uprightness vanished away. A quick glance at the events that followed can easily show the fragility and instability of the new regimen.

Beginning with Romulo Gallegos who won the 1948 elections summoned by the Governing Council (Junta de Gobierno), a series of overthrows and their typical "juntas" ended in the dictatorship of Marcos Perez Jimenez who ruled the country from 1952 until 1958.

8. Democracy

After the fall of Perez Jimenez, Venezuela resumed its pursuit for Democracy and on December 7th 1958, the Governing Council carried out free elections won by the social democrat Romulo Betancourt whose ruling elapsed amid a tumultuous and violent climate under the ever-present threat of communist guerrillas.

La Junta de Gobierno
La Junta de Gobierno

His fellow party Raul Leoni, winner for the following presidential period, started the pacification of the guerrillas, which was successfully consolidated by next president the Christian democrat Rafael Caldera.

Rómulo Betancourt
Rómulo Betancourt

Raúl Leoni
Raúl Leoni

Rafael Caldera
Rafael Caldera


TO BE CONTINUED...

Carlos Andrés Pérez
Carlos Andrés Pérez

Luis Herrera Campins
Luis Herrera Campins

Jaime Lusinchi
Jaime Lusinchi


El Caracazo


Hugo Chávez en su juramentación como presidente


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Historia y Personajes
Martín Vegas
Médico, profesor universitario e investigador científico. Fueron sus padres el también médico Luis Vegas Sanabria y María Sánchez Navarro. Los estudios primarios los cursó en el colegio de los Padres Franceses y el colegio Sucre, mientras que los secundar
Cocina
Galleticas Dominó
El chocolate y la vainilla se llevan muy bien desde que se conocieron, en muchísimas recetas y preparaciones estos ingredientes conviven excelentemente. Pues como esta noticia no es nueva y a muchos nos gusta el chocolate y la vainilla y muchos dulces fam
Cultura
Religión
Aspectos relacionados con la vida religiosa del país, y en particular con las vírgenes de diferentes localidades, por ser una manifestación de la fe católica en Venezuela, la cual agrupa más del 90% de


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