Historia y Personajes

History of Venezuela: Third Part

History


7. Transition to democracy

Eleazar López Contreras
Eleazar López Contreras

Medina Angarita
Medina Angarita

Marcos Pérez Jiménez
Marcos Pérez Jiménez

After the Gomez death, General Eleazar Lopez Contreras, who had been his War and Naval Minister, took over and began the transition towards democracy. Contreras remained in charge until 1941. On April 28th, 1941 the National Congress elected General Isaias Medina Angarita as president for the next period. His government promoted fundamental changes in political, social and economical structure. Being a democrat by nature, he ruled with totally open political criteria. Unfortunately, on October 18th, 1945 this mature, prudent and intelligent transition was to be brusquely interrupted by a coup planned by a newly formed political party and a group of young military.

This coup caused serious disarrangements and stumbles to the raising democracy. It brought back the violence, pugnacity and conspiracy; political imprisonment and exile, which had been abolished during Lopez and Medina governments, were back and the atmosphere of social and political uprightness vanished away. A quick glance at the events that followed can easily show the fragility and instability of the new regimen.

Beginning with Romulo Gallegos who won the 1948 elections summoned by the Governing Council (Junta de Gobierno), a series of overthrows and their typical "juntas" ended in the dictatorship of Marcos Perez Jimenez who ruled the country from 1952 until 1958.

8. Democracy

After the fall of Perez Jimenez, Venezuela resumed its pursuit for Democracy and on December 7th 1958, the Governing Council carried out free elections won by the social democrat Romulo Betancourt whose ruling elapsed amid a tumultuous and violent climate under the ever-present threat of communist guerrillas.

La Junta de Gobierno
La Junta de Gobierno

His fellow party Raul Leoni, winner for the following presidential period, started the pacification of the guerrillas, which was successfully consolidated by next president the Christian democrat Rafael Caldera.

Rómulo Betancourt
Rómulo Betancourt

Raúl Leoni
Raúl Leoni

Rafael Caldera
Rafael Caldera


TO BE CONTINUED...

Carlos Andrés Pérez
Carlos Andrés Pérez

Luis Herrera Campins
Luis Herrera Campins

Jaime Lusinchi
Jaime Lusinchi


El Caracazo


Hugo Chávez en su juramentación como presidente


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Historia y Personajes
Francisco Linares Alcántara
Militar y político venezolano, presidente de la República durante el período 1877-1879. Hijo del general Francisco de Paula Alcántara, prócer de la Independencia, y de Trinidad Linares. Inició su carrera militar en 1846, al combatir el alzamiento de Ezequ
Cocina
Tempura de Vegetales
La cocina japonesa tomó buena parte de nuestra atención y gusto de unos años para acá, es muy normal encontrarnos con comida japonesa en fiestas y eventos, incluyo una opción sencilla que queda ideal como entrada o pasapalo, se trata de vegetales diversos cortados de manera estética, pasados por una tempura ligera y fritos hasta dorar, servidos crujientes con salsa de soya caliente.
Geografía y Naturaleza
El zorro común
Entre los carnívoros venezolanos, el zorro común es uno de los más conocidos. Su cuerpo mide unos setenta centímetros de largo, y su cola otros treinta. El peso de un adulto alcanza seis kilos. Su pelaje va del gris claro al oscuro, pasando por tonalidade


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