Maybe you have wondered where the name of Venezuela comes from. In the picture to the left, you can see houses over the water, in the Sinamaica lagoon (Zulia state), close to Maracaibo. When the first explorers arrived, those houses reminded them the city of Venice. That is why they called the region "Little Venice", which in Spanish would be Venezuela.
Venezuela has a diverse geography: Beaches, plains, mountains. The weather also varies very much from one place to another. There is something for each taste. Have a look at what we are presenting you and then select what you want to see in greater detail.
Venezuela has wonderful beaches (playas), specially at the east (Playa Medina, Playa Colorada...), in the islands (Margarita, Coche...) and in the central-west region (Morrocoy, Tucacas, Cata, Choroní).
Salina de Araya - Estado Sucre
In the Caribbean, north of Caracas, is located the Archipelago of Los Roques with its white sand beaches and its crystalline waters.
One of the most interesting regions in Venezuela is, with no doubts, the Gran Sabana. Located in the southeast - Bolivar State - this region has flat top mountains called "Tepuy", from which start spectacular water fall like the one shown in this picture. It's the Angel Fall, the highest in the world, with a height of around 3000 ft.
Angel Falls 1000 Mts.
Water slide in Amazonas state
Typical village in the Andes
The highest point in Venezuela is the "Pico Bolivar", with an altitude of 5002 meters above the sea level. The good news is that you can get very close to it with a cable car that can take you, in one hour, from the city of Merida to the "Pico Espejo".
Exploration well in the Andes
Venezuela has also deserts and dunes. One of the most interesting trips you can make is to the Coro Dunes (Medanos de Coro). Next to the highway from Coro to Punto fijo, you can slide from the top of these sand hills.
Houses in the Paraguaná Peninsula
Mesa de Guanipa (East)
Midland, with a big extension, you will find the big prairies, beautiful and with a rich fauna.
Sunset in the llanos
Venezuela's cities are full of life. Caracas, the capital, has more than 4 million inhabitants. It's the political and economic center of the country. In the west are located Maracaibo (the oil capital), Barquisimeto (the city of the sunsets), Mérida (tourist and student centers), San Cristobal, Valencia and Maracay. In the east: Maturín (challenging Maracaibo´s oil leadership), Puerto La Cruz (Petroleum and tourist center) and El Tigre. South are located Ciudad Bolivar and Ciudad Guayana (steel center).
Maracaibo - colonial zone
The Avila and the east of Caracas
Venezuela has a rich and varied fauna. It´s tropical birds (Toucans, flamingos or these two nice guacamayas), it´s mammalians, its reptiles (crocodiles or snakes), its fishes (attention snorkeling lovers!) delight nature lovers.
Venezuela is a country with many natural resources. In addition to oil, the major resource in Venezuela, there is gold, bauxite, iron, coal, hydroelectric resources, or pearls, like the ones we show and that some people say gave the name to Margarita Island (margarita is pearl in Latin).
Venezuela has one of the biggest oil reserves in the world. It's production is today just below 3 million barrels per day (most of it coming from Maracaibo lake, see picture) and there are plans to increase production above 5 million barrels per day in 10 years
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